Reliability centered maintenance (RCM) is a conceptual approach to maintenance analysis methods that originated from the airline industry in the late 1960s as a tool for preventing failures with significant consequences, such that Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety under the acronym “RAMS elements” are balanced. In the 1960's the airline industry suffered with an unacceptable incident and accident rate primarily caused by technical failures. The technology had moved from slow, propelled aircrafts to high speed, jet driven, cabinpressurized aircrafts and the traditional experience-based maintenance philosophy could not control the failure mechanisms sufficiently. It is borne from the consideration that the traditional maintenance methods would improve safety and affect return on investment since aircrafts would be too costly to maintain. RCM has developed over the years and has come to stay as an optimal maintenance solution if applied to the right situation in the right way.
Currently, the application of RCM cuts across diverse industries.
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